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WorldSouth AtlanticSouth AmericaBrazil
15°45′S, 47°57′W Chart icon.png
Capital Brasilia
Language Portuguese
Currency Real (BRL)
Time zone BRT (UTC−2 to −5) , DST: BRST (UTC−2 to −5)
Calling code +55

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil) is the largest country in South America. Famous for its football (soccer) tradition and its annual Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Recife and Olinda. It is a country of great diversity, from the bustling urban mosaic of São Paulo to the infinite cultural energy of Pernambuco and Bahia, the untouched wilderness of the Amazon rainforest and world-class landmarks such as the Iguaçu Falls, there is plenty to see and to do in Brazil.



Brazil is a huge country with different climate zones. In the north, near the equator there is a wet and a dry season; from about Sao Paulo down to the south there is spring/summer/fall/winter.

A equatorial climate characterizes much of northern Brazil. There is no real dry season but there are some variations in the period of the year when most rain falls. Temperatures average 25 °C (77 °F),[71] with more significant temperature variations between night and day than between seasons. Over central Brazil rainfall is more seasonal, characteristic of a savanna climate. This region is as large and extensive as the Amazon basin but, lying farther south and being at a moderate altitude, it has a very different climate. In the interior Northeast, seasonal rainfall is even more extreme. The semiarid climate region receives less than 800 millimetres (31 in) of rain, which falls in a period of two or three months. From the south of Bahía, near São Paulo, the distribution of rainfall changes, here some appreciable rainfall occurs in all months. The South has temperate conditions, with average temperatures below 18 °C (64 °F) and cool winters, frosts are quite common, with occasional snowfalls in the higher areas.

Weather forecast sources:


List popular passages/routes, timing, etc.


This section does not apply for many islands, remove it if this is the case for this particular. You may, however, list ismall islands adjacent to this one or list one or two of its neighbors.

For islands that have their own page list them as shown below.

  • [[Island1]]
  • [[Island2]]


Also see World Cruiser's Nets

Submit details of Cruiser's Nets and VHF operating/calling channels here.


  • On the NE coast watch for the unlit fisherman just in the edge of the continental shelf.


NOTE: It is VERY important to note that when visiting officials in Brazil you must wear slacks, collared shirt and shoes. DO NOT arrive dressed casually in shorts, t-shirt and sandals.

Arrival - (at an official port of entry) Clearing formalities MUST be done in the FOLLOWING order and not just the skipper but the whole crew must be present.

  • 1) Federal police (immigration) – Requirements: Passports of all the crew and the ships papers.
    They will issue an individual tourist visa slip valid for 90 calendar days and in a second step for another 90 days if desirable or necessary.
    You are only allowed to stay in Brazil for a total of 180 calendar days/year.
    At the time of clearing-in, a manifest with all the names of the whole crew will be issued and this document has to remain on board at all times.
    Note: If some of the crew intend to leave before the scheduled sailing of the vessel, they have to present themselves at the airport with their individual tourist visa slip and their passports (be sure NOT to lose these visa slips to avoid a big hassle).
    In case some of the crew intend to leave on another vessel, they have to present themselves, with their passport and tourist slip, together with the new skipper at the time of clearing out.
  • 2) Customs (Alfandega) - Requirements: Ships’ papers and the document handed to you by the Federal Police.
  • 3) Port Authorities (Capitania dos Portos) - Requirements: The documents received from (1) & (2) above.
  • 4) Health Authorities (Vigilancia Sanitaria) - Requirements: All the documents received from the above and vaccination certificates, etc.


  • Brazil: The same formalities, with the exception of the Health Authorities, have to be done in REVERSE order.
  • For another sailing destination in Brazil, you must clear-out at customs first and then with immigration.


  • Citizens from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay may enter the country with a valid ID card and stay up to 90 days.
  • No visa is required for stays of up to 60 days from holders of passports from Venezuela.
  • No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days from holders of passports from Andorra, Argentina, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Rep., Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Hong Kong (British National (Overseas) passports only but not HKSAR passports), Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, South Korea, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macau, Malaysia, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Monaco, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uruguay and Vatican City. Note that the immigration officer has the right to restrict your visa to less than 90 days, if he deems fit. He will then state the number of days (e.g. 60 or 30) in pen writing inside the stamp just given in your passport. No pen writing means 90 days.
  • Citizens from the following countries currently need a visa for Brazil: Angola, Armenia, Australia, Canada, Cape Verde, China (HK and Macau see below), Cyprus, El Salvador, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Japan, Lebanon, Mexico, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Russia, Syria, Taiwan, the United States, former Soviet countries and others not listed above (complete list here - Portuguese only). Caution -- Passports issued by Hong Kong (HKSAR) and and Macau may not be accepted. In such case, travellers with those passports must apply for a Brazilian laissez-passer, which authorises a single entry into Brazil.
  • Tourist visas (including those granted on the spot in immigration control, as for most Europeans) can be extended at any office of the Policia Federal. All state capitals, and most border towns and international ports have one. Your visa can maximum be extended for as long as your original visa was granted (i.e. another 90 days if you originally got 90 days.), and under no circumstance can you be granted more than 180 days with a tourist visa for any 365-day period. You should contact the federal police about 1-3 weeks before your visa expires. You have to pay a fee of about R$ 20. Proof of subsistance (for which your credit card is mostly accepted) will be required.
  • If you overstay your tourist visa, you will be fined R$ 8,28 per day (as of October 2007), for a maximum of 100 days.


  • Firearms and ammunition MUST be declared on arrival and are normally held in custody by customs until the proper authorisation for their possession is given by the military authorities.
  • PETS: Pets (dogs, cats and birds) are allowed in Brazil only on presentation of of the following documents which have been authenticated by the Consular Service:
    • A sanitory certificate (for pets) issued by a registered veterinarian, endorsed by the Veterinary Services (APHIS/VS) and legalized at a Brazilian Consulate. It must be dated within a week prior to pets' departure. This "Sanitary Certificate" must also certify that, up to 40 days prior to boarding, no contagious disease had been detected in the place of origin.
    • The animal must have been inoculated against rabies and have a valid rabies vaccination certificate. - Admittance of animals other than dogs, cats and birds require prior approval by the Ministry of Agriculture. There is no quarantine period on arrival in Brazil.

“Boat Stay” extension

Although your total personal stay in Brazil is limited to 180 days per year, your boat can be cleared to remain for up to 2 years.

Before leaving, you must go to the port authorities (Capitania dos Portos) with a certified declaration from the caretaker (marina); thereafter, proceed to the Ministry of Finances (Receita Federal). Based upon the paper issued by the Port Authorities, they will issue a free laisser passer (void of all kind of import duties). You must declare that you will take the boat out of Brazil within the time-frame and undertake that you will not sell the boat (or parts thereof) in Brazil.

Fees and Charges


  • When you are travelling from certain tropical regions to Brazil you need a yellow fever vaccination and the certificate showing you had this. Check the website
  • Current Yellow fever vaccination certificates are required by those arriving from the following countries: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela and French Guiana, Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Sudan.
  • It is recommended to have prior vacinnations for cholera, typhoid and hepatitis.
  • Prophylaxis against dengue fever and malaria is highly recommended.
  • Always wash fruit and vegetables well in GOOD/SAFE water.
  • Take the necessary precautions against Bilharzia
  • Water - before filling up water tanks, be sure that the water from the dock is GOOD/SAFE.





List transportation (local and/or international.)


  • Eduardo Louro: Ph: +55.24.33655487, Mob. +55.24.92563759 (may have no answer during certain times of the year). Email. Skype:riomariculturaedu or (Brasil/Rio rates apply) +55.21.37174000 (all year around)


List links to discussion threads on partnering forums. (see link for requirements)


References & Publications

Books, Guides, etc.

  • Cruising the Coast of Brazil by Ceccon, Marcal
  • South Atlantic Circuit, Tom Morgan, RCC Pilotage Foundation
  • Havens and Anchorages, Tom Morgan, RCC Pilotage Foundation
  • Cruising Notes on the Atlantic Coast of South America, Pete and Annie Hill, download from RCC Pilotage Foundation [1]


We welcome users' contributions to the Wiki. Please click on Comments to view other users' comments, add your own personal experiences or recommend any changes to this page following your visit.

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