Rhodes

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WorldMediterraneanAegean SeaGreeceDodecaneseRhodes
Rhodes
There are Port(s) of Entry here
36°12.090'N, 027°58.150'E Chart icon.png
lat=36.2015 | lon=27.96917 | zoom=9 | y
Greece Rhodes S.jpg
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Satellite View of Rhodes

Rhodes or Rodos (Ρόδος) is the largest island in the Dodecanese, 1,400 km2, and the capital of the Dodecanese province. Because it is physically a lovely island with very mild winters it has become a year round vacation resort favored by many northern Europeans, in fact, there are more Scandinavians, British, and Germans in the island than native Greeks. The result of this popularity is local wealth and the building of many high-rise hotels. Amazingly enough the island, although always crowded, is not unattractive, especially in the winter months.

Rhodes, although fairly mountainous, it tallest peak Mt. Ataviros is 1215 m (3986 ft.), is one of the most fertile of the Greek islands with many pine and olive trees as well as orange and lemon groves. Many wildflowers grow here such as: rock-rose, hibiscus, bougainvillea, and jasmine. There are so many colorful butterflies (especially in the "valley of the butterflies") that Rhodes is often referred to as "the butterfly island." In addition to the butterflies the local fauna include: deer (which appear in many Rhodian ceramics), foxes, hares, badgers, partridges, vultures, vipers, jackdaws, jays, and the Rhodes dragon - a lizard which grows up to 50 cm (14").

Charts

BA
1055 Rhodes Channel and Gökova Körfezi
1667 Rhodes Island
Imray-Tetra
G35 Dodecanese & Coast of Turkey
NIMA
54416 Nisos Rodhos
Greek
451 Leros to Rhodos
452 Rhodos to Castelorizo

Weather

See Aegean Sea.

Passages

Islands

  • ChálkiChálki/wiki/Chalki Island icon – island |Harbour icon – harbour |Anchorage icon – anchorage |
  • AlimniáAlimniá/wiki/Alimnia Island icon – island |Anchorage icon – anchorage |

Communication

  • Coast Guard - VHF channel 12
  • Olympia Radio - VHF channels 01 and 63

Also see World Cruiser's Nets.

Navigation

All the approaches to Rhodes are straight forward, except the approach to Mandraki.

Entrance

The port of entry where you can check in Greece is Mandraki.

Berthing

Ports

  • Mandraki Mandraki /wiki/Mandraki Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |Marina icon – marina |
  • Lindos Lindos /wiki/Lindos Anchorage icon – anchorage |

Marinas & Yacht Clubs

Rhodes Marina

In july 2015 the so called Rhodes Marina officially opened.

No bathrooms & toilet yet (august 2015), price is about 30€ a night for a 10m yacht (not including electricity & water)

Anchorages

Chart of Ayioi Apostoloi

Ayioi Apostoloi

Ayioi Apostoloi/wiki/Rhodes#Ayioi_Apostoloi
Anchorage icon Ayioi Apostoloi  [[Rhodes#Ayioi Apostoloi|Ayioi Apostoloi]] (Άγοι Απόστολοι) 36°05.3′N, 28°05.4′E
Ayioi Apostoloi is just S of Lindos Bay. It is small but it is possible to anchor and take a line ashore to prevent swinging. This anchorage appears to be a good shelter but it is reputed to have an uncomfortable swell.

Lardos Bay

Lardos Bay/wiki/Rhodes#Lardos_Bay
Anchorage icon Lardos Bay  [[Rhodes#Lardos Bay|Lardos Bay]] 36°04.2′N, 28°02.9′E
Lardos Bay is a few miles S of Lindos, just under Cape Foca. It is reputed to be safe only during settled weather but subject to less violent gusts than Lindos.

Cape Istros

Cape Istros/wiki/Rhodes#Cape_Istros
Anchorage icon Cape Istros  [[Rhodes#Cape Istros|Cape Istros]] 35°55.64′N, 27°51.5′E

Cape Istros is about 12 nM SW of Lardos Bay it is an anchorage off a small hamlet.

Warning: Be aware that The Khina Rocks about 4 nM SE of Cape Vigli are low lying and hard to see.

Cape Vigli

Cape Vigli/wiki/Rhodes#Cape_Vigli
Anchorage icon Cape Vigli  [[Rhodes#Cape Vigli|Cape Vigli]] 35°54.72′N, 27°50.12′E
Cape Vigli is one mile SW of Cape Istros. It provides good shelter from the meltemi. Anchor on the N side of the cape in 3-6 m.

Cape Prassonisi

Cape Prassonisi/wiki/Rhodes#Cape_Prassonisi
Anchorage icon Cape Prassonisi  [[Rhodes#Cape Prassonisi|Cape Prassonisi]] 35°53.5′N, 27°45.3′E

Cape Prassonisi is a narrow neck at the southernmost tip of the island. There is good shelter here at both sides of the cape.

The N side provides good shelter from the S winds. Anchor in 2-4 m over sand.

The S side is a good shelter from the meltemi. Anchor in 2-4 m over sand.

Lagonia Bay

Lagonia Bay/wiki/Rhodes#Lagonia_Bay
Anchorage icon Lagonia Bay  [[Rhodes#Lagonia Bay|Lagonia Bay]] 36°16.5′N, 27°49.6′E
TLagonia or Langonia Bay is on the W coast of the island. It offers some shelter from W winds and good shelter from the southerlies. It is exposed to the meltemi. There is a small quay and a fuel station ashore.

Trianda Bay

Trianda Bay/wiki/Rhodes#Trianda_Bay
Anchorage icon Trianda Bay  [[Rhodes#Trianda Bay|Trianda Bay]] 36°27.3′N, 28°13.5′E
Trianda Bay is on the NE tip of Rhodes, and very close to Mandraki Harbor. It offers good shelter from the S and SE winds which make entrance to Mandraki dangerous. Anchor in 4-8 m on sand, good holding.

Amenities

Facilities
Water See Mandraki
Electricity See Mandraki
Toilets ?
Showers ?
Laundry See Mandraki
Garbage There are bins around the harbors and in several anchorages.
Supplies
Fuel See Mandraki
Bottled gas ?
Chandlers See Mandraki
Services
Repairs See Mandraki
Internet In Internet cafés.
Mobile connectivity Strong signal in most of the island
Vehicle rentals Can be hired in either the town of Rhodes or in Lindos.

Provisioning

Eating out

Transportation

There are daily, and in the summer several per day, flights and ferries to Athens and other islands.

Tourism

History

Rhodes has been inhabited from the Paleolithic times. The Minoans colonized the island and built shrines to the moon at Flerimos, Lindos, and Kamiros. They were succeeded by the Achaeans who came to the island in the 15 century BC and founded the city of Achaia. According to Homer, Rhodes sent nine ships to the Trojan expedition led by Tlepolemos the son of Heracles. Then in the 12 century came the Dorians who founded the cities of Lindos, Ialysos, and Kamiros. Because of its location Rhodes became from early times an important naval and trade power in the eastern Mediterranean. Around 1000 BC Rhodes along with Kos, Knidos, and Halicarnassus formed the Dorian Hexapolis which dominated the area for the next four centuries and established many colonies including Naples and as far as the Costa Brava in Spain.

At the beginning of the Persian wars, Rhodes along with the rest of the Dorian Hexapolis sided with the Persians but being great opportunists the Rhodians quickly switched to the Athenian dominated Delian League. In 408 BC the new city Rhodes was founded and the older cities of Lindos, Ialysos, and Kamiros became less important. Rhodes continued to prosper. During the Peloponnesian war the Rhodians switched side when the fortune of Athens declined.

Later, in 336 BC, they sided with Alexander and the Rhodian navy became the dominant power in the eastern Mediterranean. After Alexander's death Rhodes allied with Ptolemy who took over Egypt. Antigonos, another of Alexander's generals, sent his famous son Demitrios o Poliorketes (the Besieger) in charge of 40,000 troops to subdue Rhodes. The siege lasted from 305 to 304 BC and ended in a truce under which Rhodes would assist Antigonos but not against Ptolemy. The Rhodians to commemorate the conclusion of the siege, melted down the bronze of Demitrio's siege machine and constructed a great statue of Helios, the son god. The statue, known as the Colossus of Rhodes was considered one of the seven wonders of the Hellenistic world, it was sculpted by Chares and it was about the same size as the Statue of Liberty in NY. The statue dominated the harbor of Rhodes until 225 BC when it was toppled by an earthquake. Following the advice of the Oracle of Delphi the Rhodians left the fallen statue where it fell. It stood there until 653 AD when the Saracens who captured Rhodes, sold it as scrap.

During the Roman times Rhodes was an important province of Rome. It was visited by many famous Romans including Pompey, Cicero, Cassius, Julius Caesar, Brutus, Cato the Younger, and Mark Antony. After Julius Caesar's assassination, Rhodes chose to back Augustus but Cassius was closer and he sacked the city in 43-42 BC. After that, Rhodes went into decline. In 57 AD St. Paul visited the island and converted many inhabitants to Christianity.

During the Byzantine years, the island saw many invaders and temporary rulers: Arabs, Saracens, (including the famous Harun al Rashid from the Arabian Nights), Genoese, Venetians, and finally Crusaders (including Richard the Lionheart). After the fall of Jerusalem in 1291 AD the order of the Knights Hospitallers of St. John moved to Cyprus but at 1306 decided that Rhodes was a better location. After they unsuccessfully tried to convince the Byzantine Emperor Andronikos Paleologos to cede them the island, the just purchased all of the Dodecanese from the Genoese pirates who controlled it. The Knights fortified the city of Rhodes and built eight inns or auberges one for each of their "tongues" or nationalities: English, French, German, Italian, Catalan, Aragonese, Auvergne, and Provençal. All together there were about 650 Knights in the Order under the Grand Master. They nominally were to provide for the sick and run the inns as hospitals, in fact they were engaged in piracy and looting the "infidels" as defenders of Christianity. They gained great wealth from these activities which was further augmented in 1312 when Philip the Fair of France dissolved the fabulously rich Order of the Knights Templars and confiscated their holdings a portion of which he gave to the Knights of St. John of Rhodes. They use part of this fortune to further fortify the city.

The surrounding and emerging Muslim world in the mean time was greatly harassed by the activities of the Knights and in 1444 the Sultan of Egypt unsuccessfully besieged the city. He was followed in 1480, also without success, by Mehmed II the Conqueror (the conqueror of Constantinople). Finally in 1522 the Ottoman Sultan, Suleiman the Magnificent, moved in with 200,000 troops. After a siege of over 6 months the city fell and the Knights moved to Malta. The new Ottoman owners forced the Greek and the sizable Jewish population to move outside the walled city but otherwise left the local population alone.

In 1821 Rhodes joined the rest of the Greek world into the War of Independence. Unfortunately for the Rhodians not only they did not have a large enough fleet but were so far away from the other islands that they lacked any protection and were at the mercy of their angry masters. The Ottoman reaction to the revolt was swift: they massacred a sizable portion of the population. Then, in 1856, lightning stuck a gun powder magazine blowing up most of the Old Town and killing over 800 people. The island was in a bad shape.

In 1921 the Italians besieged Rhodes and took it from the weak Turkey. Mussolini claimed that he was the successor of the Grand Masters and he rightfully owned Rhodes. The Italians held the island until World War II. In 1943 the Germans invaded the island and send the 2000 Jewish inhabitants to the Nazi extermination camps. In 1948 Rhodes along with the rest of the Dodecanese was united with Greece. Since then, the island has seen a remarkable increase on its standard of living. It is now one of the most prosperous regions of Greece.

Places to Visit

The Town

See Mandraki.

Líndos

See Lindos.

Ialysós

West of the town of Rhodes is the partially excavated site of Ancient Ialysos. The acropolis of Ialysós (8:30-17:00 closed Mondays) is lovely. It is the location of the 15th century BC Achaean settlement and of a Byzantine fortress.

Other Places

The ruins of the third city of ancient Rhodes, Kamiros (Tues-Sun 8:30-17:00) are on the W coast of the island. Also worth a visit is an Oil Press Church Museum just south of Lindos and the valley of the butterflies in the center of the island.

Friends

List links to discussion threads on partnering forums. (see link for requirements)

Forums

Links

References & Publications

See Greece.

Comments

We welcome users' contributions to the Wiki. Please click on Comments to view other users' comments, add your own personal experiences or recommend any changes to this page following your visit.

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Names: Istioploos, Summercruise


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