Africa, the second largest continent, has the most countries with 54, and a surface area of 30,244,050 sq km (11,677,293 mi2). Its highest point is Tanzania's Mt. Kilimanjaro, the World's highest free-standing mountain, which rises to 5,895 m (19,340 feet) above sea level. Africa's lowest point is Djibouti's Lake Assal, whose surface is 157 m (515 feet) below sea level. Africa has extensive mineral resources, including gold, diamonds and copper. Its longest river, the Nile, is also the World's longest, and runs 6,650 km (4,132 miles) from Burundi to Egypt. Its largest lake is the 69,485 sq km (26,828 square mile) Lake Victoria, which is surrounded by Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya. Africa is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, by the Red Sea to the northeast, and by the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
The climate of Africa ranges from tropical to subarctic on its highest peaks. Its northern half is primarily desert or arid, while its central and southern areas contain both savanna plains and very dense jungle (rainforest) regions. In between, there is a convergence where vegetation patterns such as sahel, and steppe dominate.
Africa boasts perhaps the world's largest combination of density and "range of freedom" of wild animal populations and diversity, with wild populations of large carnivores (such as lions, hyenas, and cheetahs) and herbivores (such as buffalo, deer, elephants, camels, and giraffes) ranging freely on primarily open non-private plains. It is also home to a variety of jungle creatures (including snakes and primates) and aquatic life (including crocodiles and amphibians).
When you sail around the world be sure to plan a visit to an African Safari Park. The best and most diverse are located in East Africa (Kenya and Tanzania) and South Africa. Take the Cape of Good Hope route to really add some spice to your circumnavigation.
Contact details of "Cruiser's Friends" that can be contacted for local information or assistance.
List links to discussion threads on partnering forums. (see link for requirements)
References & Publications
- R.C.C. Pilotage Foundation North Africa, including Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, Gibraltar, Pantelleria and the Pelagie Islands and Malta , Imray Graham Hutt, Cambridgeshire, ISBN 9781846232817 Updated 2010
- Steve Jones, R.C.C. Pilotage Foundation Cruisng Guide to West Africa, ISBN 0952777126 Updated Edition: 2nd 2009, Covers the West African coast, off lying islands and navigable rivers from Dakar in Senegal to Guinea-Bissau.
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