Tanzania

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WorldIndian OceanAfricaEast AfricaTanzania
Tanzania
06°18.420'S, 034°51.240'E Chart icon.png
Tanzania-map.jpg
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Map
Tanzania flag.png
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Flag
Capital Dodoma
Language Swahili, English
Currency Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)
Time zone UTC+3 (No DST)
Calling code +255ª
ª +007 from Kenya and Uganda

Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda on the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique on the south. To the east it borders the Indian Ocean.

The country's name is a portmanteau of Tanganyika, which is the large mainland territory, and Zanzibar, the offshore archipelago. The two former British colonies united in 1964, forming the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which later the same year was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.

At 364,875 mi² (945,087 km²), Tanzania is the world's 31st-largest country (it comes after Egypt). It is comparable in size to Nigeria, and is slightly more than twice the size of the U.S. state of California.

Tanzania is mountainous in the northeast, where Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest peak, is situated. To the north and west are the Great Lakes of Lake Victoria (Africa's largest lake) and Lake Tanganyika (Africa's deepest lake, known for its unique species of fish). Central Tanzania comprises a large plateau, with plains and arable land. The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the island of Zanzibar lying just offshore.

Tanzania contains many large and ecologically significant wildlife parks, including the famous Ngorongoro Crater, Serengeti National Park in the north, and Selous Game Reserve and Mikumi National Park in the south. Gombe National Park in the west is known as the site of Dr. Jane Goodall's studies of chimpanzee behavior.

Charts

British Admiralty

BA661 - Approaches to Kilwa Kisiswani harbour
BA1032 - North Mafia channel to Kilwa point
BA2110 - North entrance to Mozambique Channel
BA2951 - Cabo Delgado to Lamu bay
BA3308 - Cabo Delgado to Fanjove island
BA3309 - Fanjove island to Dar es Salaam
BA3310 - Dar es Salaam to Wasin island
Source
Chart Number - Chart Name

Weather

The weather varies greatly within Tanzania. In the highlands, temperatures range between 10 and 20 °C (50 and 68 °F) during cold and hot seasons respectively. The rest of the country has temperatures rarely falling lower than 20 °C (68 °F). The hottest period extends between November and February (25–31 °C or 77.0–87.8 °F) while the coldest period occurs between May and August (15–20 °C or 59–68 °F). Annual temperature is 20 °C (68.0 °F). The climate is cool in high mountainous regions.

Tanzania has two major rainfall regimes: one is uni-modal (October–April) and the other is bi-modal (October–December and March–May). The former is experienced in southern, central, and western parts of the country, and the latter is found in the north from Lake Victoria extending east to the coast. The bi-modal regime is caused by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone.

Weather links

Passages

See Mozambique Channel.

Islands

Key to symbols: |Island icon – island |Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |Marina icon – marina |Anchorage icon – anchorage |Needs data icon – needs data ||
  • Mafia IslandMafia Island/wiki/Mafia_Island Island icon – island |Port of entry icon – port of entry |Needs data icon – needs data |
  • Pemba IslandPemba Island/wiki/Pemba_Island Island icon – island |Needs data icon – needs data |
  • ZanzibarZanzibar/wiki/Zanzibar Harbour icon – harbour |

Communication

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Also see World Cruiser's Nets

Navigation

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Entrance

Arrival

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Departure

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Customs and Immigration

Customs

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Immigration

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Health

Health

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Security

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Berthing

Key to symbols: |Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |Marina icon – marina |Anchorage icon – anchorage |Needs data icon – needs data ||
  • Dar es SalaamDar es Salaam/wiki/Dar_es_Salaam Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |
  • Dar Yacht clubDar Yacht club/wiki/Dar_es_Salaam Marina icon – marina |
    - Only for members
  • Slipway AnchorageSlipway Anchorage/wiki/Dar_es_Salaam Anchorage icon – anchorage |
  • KilindoniKilindoni/wiki/Mafia_Island Port of entry icon – port of entry |Anchorage icon – anchorage |
  • Kilwa Kilwa/wiki/Kilwa Harbour icon – harbour |Needs data icon – needs data |
  • Lindi Lindi/wiki/Lindi Harbour icon – harbour |Needs data icon – needs data |


Transportation

  • There are two major airports; one in Dar es Salaam, Julius Nyerere International Airport (DAR IATA) (formerly known as Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere International Airport and Dar es Salaam International Airport), and one in Kilimanjaro, Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO IATA) , which is halfway between Arusha and Moshi
  • The Tanzania - Zambia train service, known as TAZARA, operates trains twice a week between New Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia, and Dar es Salaam, leaving from Dar es Salaam on Tuesdays and Fridays
  • The bus is a great way to get into Tanzania
  • Azam Marine and Fast Ferries connect Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar. It's about 90 minutes sailing

Friends

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Forums

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Links

References

Comments

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