Dardanelles

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WorldMediterraneanAegean SeaTurkeyDardanelles

An online cruising guide for yachts sailing through the straits of Dardanelles.

SamothraceSea of MarmaraGallipoli or GeliboluLapsekiGökçeada or Imroz or ImvrosÇanakkaleTroyBozcaada or Tenedos
Turkey Dardanelles.jpgAbout this image

The Dardanelles - For details click on a name or an area

Chart of the Dardanelles
The Allied war memorial on the N side of the entrance
The Turkish war memorial on the N side of the entrance
Click for larger view

The Dardanelles (Turkish: Çanakkale Boğazı, Greek: Δαρδανέλλια, Dardanellia), laterly known as the Hellespont (Greek: Ελλήσποντος, Hellespontos), is a narrow strait in northwestern Turkey connecting the Aegean Sea to the Dardanelles#Sea of Marmara/wiki/Dardanelles#.5B.5BSea_of_Marmara.5D.5DWorld icon.png Sea of Marmara  [[Dardanelles#Sea of Marmara|Sea of Marmara]] 40°42.838'N028°05.852'E . The strait is 33 nM (61 km or 38 mi) long but only 0.65 to 3.2 nM (1.2 to 6 km or 0.75 to 4 mi) wide, averaging 55 meters (180 ft) deep with a maximum depth of 82 meters (300 ft). Water flows in both directions along the strait, from the Sea of Marmara to the Aegean via a surface current and in the opposite direction via an undercurrent.

Like the Bosphorus, it separates Europe (in this case the Gallipoli peninsula) and the mainland of Asia. The strait is an international waterway, and together with the Bosphorus, the Dardanelles connects the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea.

The Turkish name Çanakkale Boğazı is derived from the major city adjoining the strait, Çanakkale (which takes its name from its famous castles; kale means "castle"). The name Dardanelles derives from Dardania, an ancient land (founded by Dardanus) on the Asian shore of the strait.

According to the Montreux Convention of 1936, still in force today, the straits are an international shipping lane but Turkey retains the right to restrict the naval traffic of non-Black Sea nations (like Greece or Algeria). During World War II, when Turkey was neutral for almost the entire length of the conflict, the Dardanelles were closed to the ships of the belligerent nations.

Charts

BA
1004 Çhannakale boğazi
1086 Srimonikos kólpos to Edremit körfezi
NIMA
55040 Sea of Marmara
55041 Canakkale Bogazi
Turkey
29 Marmara Sea
295 Hoşköy - Gelibolu
2111 Saros Körfezi
2134 Anafartalar Koyu - Tavşan Island
2131 Gelibolu Yarımadası - Gökçeada
Greek
109 Ionio-Aegeo Steno Messinis mechri Thalassa Marmara

Weather

See Turkey.

Passages

Communication

Add here VHF channel for coastguard, harbor masters. etc.

Also see World Cruiser's Nets

Navigation

The Dardanelles is a very busy channel with a lot of ship traffic. There is a separation zone with eastbound ships staying on the south shore and westbound ships staying on the north shore. Yachts transiting the straits should keep outside the charted shipping lanes (which is in any case a wise move for a northbound yacht in view of the strong adverse currents).

These adverse currents flow from the Sea of Marmara to the Aegean and make a reasonably powerful engine an essential requirement for a northbound yacht, especially since sailing is usually impossible in view of the prevailing winds blowing down the straits and the folly of attempting to tack across the shipping lanes. The current reaches up to 3.5 – 4.0 knots at the Aegean entrance to the straits, especially around the headland of Kumkale Burnu on the southern side and in the narrows N and S of Canakkale. Once beyond Canakkale the current slackens gradually from 3.0 knots down to 1.0 – 1.5 knots as a yacht enters the wider part between Nara Burnu N of Canakkale and the port of Gelibolu.

A northbound yacht is best advised to stay close inshore on the southern side of the straits, following the 10.0 – 15.0 metre contour where the current is weaker. This course is actually quicker and has the added advantage of keeping a yacht well clear of the shipping lanes.

Entrance

See Turkey.

Countries, Ports, Anchorages, and Islands

Key to symbols: |
Island icon – island |Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |Marina icon – marina |Anchorage icon – anchorage |Waterway or canal icon – waterway or canal |Needs data icon – needs data |
|

Friends

Submit details/contacts of cruiser's "friends" that can be contacted in advance or on arrival - who can offer information and assistance to our cruising "family".

Forums

List links to discussion threads on partnering forums. (see link for requirements)

Links

References & Publications

See Turkey.

Comments

We welcome users' contributions to the Wiki. Please click on Comments to view other users' comments, add your own personal experiences or recommend any changes to this page following your visit. Personal experiences?

  • Leaving from the Turkish island of Bozcaada, a yacht motoring at 6.5 knots should be able to make Canakkale within six hours following the route above. The port of Lapseki takes a further four hours at the same rate of progress.--Athene of Lymington 16:30, 18 May 2011 (BST)

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This is a usable page of the cruising guide. However, please contribute if you can to help it grow further. Click on Comments to add your personal notes on this page or to discuss its contents. Alternatively, if you feel confident to edit the page, click on the edit tab at the top and enter your changes directly.


SailorSmiley.gifContributors to this page

Names: Istioploos, Athene of Lymington


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