Madagascar

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WorldIndian OceanAfricaEast AfricaMadagascar
Madagascar
18°55.000'S, 047°31.000'E Chart icon.png
Madagascarmap.png
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Map
Madagascarflag.png
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Flag
Capital Antananarivo
Language Malagasy, French. English also spoken.
Currency Malagasy Ariary (MGA)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Calling code +261

Madagascar, or Republic of Madagascar (older name Malagasy Republic), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa. The main island, also called Madagascar, is the fourth-largest island in the world, and is home to 5% of the world's plant and animal species, of which more than 80% are endemic to Madagascar. They include the lemur infraorder of primates, the carnivorous fossa, three bird families and six baobab species. At 587,041 km² (226,657.8 sq mi), Madagascar is the world's 46th-largest country and the fourth largest island. It is slightly larger than France and it also is one of 11 distinct physiographic provinces of the South African Platform physiographic division.

Madagascar's varied fauna and flora are endangered by human activity, as a third of its native vegetation has disappeared since the 1970s, and only 18% remains intact.

The eastern, or windward side of the island is home to tropical rainforests, while the western and southern sides, which lie in the rain shadow of the central highlands, are home to tropical dry forests, thorn forests, and deserts and xeric shrublands. Madagascar's dry deciduous rain forest have been preserved generally better than the eastern rainforests or the high central plateau, presumably due to historically low population density and scarce water supplies.

Charts

British Admirlty charts that cover Madagascar are
BA4701 - Maputo to Muqdisho
BA758 - Northern approach
BA3873 - Nosy Be to Iharana
BA3872 Nosy Be to Bembatoke
BA3871 - Bembatoke to Cap St Andre
BA3868 - Cap Kimby to Cap St Andre
BA3855 - Cap Kimby to Morombe
BA760 - South coast of Madagascar
BA1064 - Plans on the north east coast
BA1116 - Baie Diego Suarez
BA1002 - Detail Baie Diego Suarez
BA2871 - Nosy Be southern anchorages
BA706 - Ile De Mitsio
BA704 - Moramba
BA701 - Baie de Bembatoke
BA2461 - Plans in the north west islands
BA692 (Tulear

Note: Some of these charts may now be out of print or have changed numbers.

Weather

The Madagascar climate is tropical. The rainy season spans from November to March. The Southeast trade winds (which can be fairly strong at times) prevail until the end of October and thunderstorms can occur at this time. The cyclone "season" is from December to March on the east coast.

Weather links

Passages

Islands

Also see the Mozambique Channel

Communication

Also see World Cruiser's Nets.

Navigation

Any navigation notes here. If this section does not apply remove it.

Entrance

Arrival

Initial entry into Madagascar must be made at a point of entry which are:

Hell-ville on Nosy Be is probably the best port to arrive at if arriving from the north, and Toliara (Tulear) if arriving from the south. If possible, have a prior Madagascan visa before arriving. However, a visa can be acquired on arrival. On clearing customs and immigration, have plenty of copies of boat and crew papers. One must leave your ship's papers, or preferrably a copy, at customs, immigration as well as the harbour master, although the situation may vary from place to place and time to time.

On arrival at a port of entry you must visit the Port Captain, Police, Immigration, Customs and Health offices for clearance into the country. The following is required:

  • Detailed crew list
  • Passports
  • Port of call authorization - issued by nearest offfice of the Service de la Marine Marchande
  • Itinerary
  • Dates of entry and expected exit from Madagascar territorial waters
  • Point of departure

Departure

Details?

Customs and Immigration

Customs

LEMUR. Photo: David Dennis
  • Firearms and ammunition MUST be declared on arrival and these may be held in custody until your departure.
  • PETS: Animals are NOT allowed ashore.

Immigration

Madagascar requires visas by all nationalities. These are best obtained in advance from Malagasy embassies or diplomatic offices (see the official website for their locations). A 90 day visa is usually granted. If sailing to Madagascar from neighbouring countries, there are consolutes in the Seychelles, Mauritius, Reunion and Tanzania. Visas can be extended for up to two months by timeous application to the Ministry of Interior at a charge of 1500 MFr per month (July'08). You can download the visa application form HERE

Fees and Charges

  • 3 month multiple-entry visa = US$80 (July 2008).


Restrictions

Health and Security

Health

  • While the AIDS epidemic has not reached the devastating level found in many southern African countries, it is widely assumed that the incidence of AIDS is underestimated and rising. You should take no risks and avoid unprotected sex in all cases.
  • If arriving from continental Africa, valid yellow fever and cholera vaccination certificates are required.
  • High risk of Malaria - Resistance to chloroquine is reported - Mefloquine prophylaxis is recommended.
  • Immunisation against typhoid and poliomyelitis is recommended.
  • Hepatitis A, B, and E are endemic.
  • Boil all water before use for any purpose.

Security

Details?

Berthing

Ports

Key to symbols: |Island icon – island |Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |Marina icon – marina |Anchorage icon – anchorage |Needs data icon – needs data ||
  • Diego Suarez (Antseranana)Diego Suarez (Antseranana)/wiki/Diego_Suarez Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |Needs data icon – needs data |
  • Majunga Majunga /wiki/Majunga Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |Needs data icon – needs data |
  • Nosy BeNosy Be/wiki/Nosy_Be Island icon – island |Needs data icon – needs data |
    • Hell-villeHell-ville/wiki/Hell-ville Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |Needs data icon – needs data |
  • Russian BayRussian Bay/wiki/Russian_Bay Anchorage icon – anchorage |Needs data icon – needs data |
  • Toliara (Tulear)Toliara (Tulear)/wiki/Toliara Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |Needs data icon – needs data |
  • Toamasina Toamasina /wiki/Toamasina Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |Needs data icon – needs data |
  • Taolanaro (formerly Port Dauphin)Taolanaro (formerly Port Dauphin)/wiki/Taolanaro Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |Needs data icon – needs data |
  • Nosy Boraha Nosy Boraha/wiki/Nosy_Boraha Island icon – island |Needs data icon – needs data |
  • Nosy Boraha
    • St Marie St Marie /wiki/St_Marie Port of entry icon – port of entry |Harbour icon – harbour |Needs data icon – needs data |

Marinas & Yacht Clubs

Use this section only if there are marinas not covered in the pages under Ports. Remove if not applicable.

Anchorages

List anchorages. If there is more than two paragraphs for a given anchorage, create a dedicated page for it (Port/Stop Template).

Amenities

Also see each port above.

Facilities
Water ?
Electricity ?
Toilets ?
Showers ?
Laundry ?
Garbage ?
Supplies
Fuel ?
Bottled gas ?
Chandlers ?
Services
Repairs ?
Internet ?
Mobile connectivity ?
Vehicle rentals ?

Provisioning

Give the names and locations of supermarkets, grocery stores, bakeries, etc..

Store name1/wiki/Madagascar#.3Cspan_style.3D.22color:magenta_.22.3EStore_name1.3C.2Fspan.3EProvisions icon Store name1 [[Madagascar#Store name1|Store name1]] DD.dddDD.ddd description, location, tel. +XX XXXX XXXXX.

Store name2/wiki/Madagascar#.3Cspan_style.3D.22color:magenta_.22.3EStore_name2.3C.2Fspan.3EProvisions icon Store name2 [[Madagascar#Store name2|Store name2]] DD.dddDD.ddd description, location, tel. +XX XXXX XXXXX.

Eating out

Give the name of recommended restaurant, tavernas, pastry stores, etc.)

  • Location1
Name/wiki/Madagascar#.27.27.3Cspan_style.3D.22color:magenta_.22.3EName.3C.2Fspan.3E.27.27Eatingout icon Name [[Madagascar#Name|Name]] DD.dddDD.ddd description, tel. +XX XXXX XXXXX.
  • Location2
Name/wiki/Madagascar#.27.27.3Cspan_style.3D.22color:magenta_.22.3EName.3C.2Fspan.3E.27.27Eatingout icon Name [[Madagascar#Name|Name]] DD.dddDD.ddd description, tel. +XX XXXX XXXXX.

Transportation

List transportation (local and/or international.)

Tourism

History

Give a short history of the island.)

Places to Visit

List places of interest, tours, etc.

Friends

Submit details/contacts of cruiser's "friends" that can be contacted in advance or on arrival - who can offer information and assistance to our cruising "family".

Forums

List links to discussion threads on partnering forums. (see link for requirements)

Links

References

Comments

We welcome users' contributions to the Wiki. Please click on Comments to view other users' comments, add your own personal experiences or recommend any changes to this page following your visit.

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